Job Environment

Scales to assess aspects of the work environment including job characteristics and job stressors.


Job Characteristics

  • Autonomy. Bacharach et al. 1990, Work and Occupation.
  • Baecke Physical Activity Questionnaire. Modified by Wolff et al. 2021, American Journal of Health Promotion to assess level of physical activity in a job.
  • Control at work scale by Dwyer and Ganster (1991). NIOSH report of scale’s development.
  • Empowerment. Spreitzer 1995, Academy of Management Journal, Subscales of Competence, Impact, Meaning, Self-determination.
  • Factual Autonomy Scale FAS. Fact-based measure of autonomy.
  • Job Characteristics Inventory JCI. Sims et al. (1976). Has subscales Variety, Autonomy, Feedback, Task Identity, Dealing with Others, Friendship.
  • Job Diagnostic Survey, JDS. Hackman and Oldham’s (1975) measure of job characteristics. Includes German version.
  • Monotony. Melamed et al. 1995, Journal of Applied Psychology.
  • Multimethod Job Design Questionnaire. MJDQ. Campion (1988). Blend of job analysis and job characteristics. Measures four domains of Motivational, Mechanistic, Biological, and Perceptual/Motor aspects of jobs.
  • Routinization and formalization. Bacharach et al. 1990, Work and Occupation. Separate scales to assess the extent to which the job is structured with procedures and rules. Also has measures of autonomy and role stressors.
  • Work Design Questionnaire WDQ. Morgeson & Humphrey 2006, Journal of Applied Psychology. Comprehensive scale that includes 21 subscales in four categories: task, knowledge, social and context.

Organizational Justice

  • Organizational justice. Colquitt 2001, Journal of Applied Psychology. Four subscales Procedural, Distributive, Interpersonal, and Informational justice.
  • Organizational justice. Moorman 1991, Journal of Applied Psychology. Lim 2002 shows factor analysis of scale. Three subscales: Distributive, Interactional, and Procedural justice.

Social Stressors and Mistreatment (Bullying measures in separate section above)

Task Stressors

Stress Battery

Work Environment

  • Decent Work Scale, DWS. Duffy et al. 2017. Scale to assess five dimensions of jobs (Safe Working Conditions, Access to Health Care, Adequate Compensation, Reasonable Working Hours, Organizational Values). From the International Labour Organization’s concept that everyone deserves work that is safe and provides for basic needs.